Major battles of the American Revolutionary War
The American Revolutionary War, also known as the American Revolutionary War, took place between 1775 and 1783. The war ended two centuries of British colonial rule in most of the North American colonies. The result was a free nation that gained independence from the thirteen great colonies. The revolutionaries set up a Continental Army that would help them fight the superior British Army, which had a powerful naval force that had captured most of America’s coastal cities. In Saratoga’s victory, the French joined forces with the Americans against the British and this proved essential to the overall success of the war. Later in the war, Spain and the Netherlands allied with the Americans to help defeat the British. The Treaty of Paris was signed in 1783 to end the war and recognize the United States as a sovereign state. Here are the great battles of the Revolutionary War that shaped the independence of the United States
1. Battle of Monmouth (June 1778)
The Battle of Monmouth took place on June 28, 1778 in Monmouth, New Jersey. General George Washington had ordered Charles Lee, who was second in command, to take a small force of the Continental Army ahead of him and engage the Red Coats until Washington could muster the rest of the Army of Valley Forge. After several hours of engagement with the British, Charles Lee ordered the forces to withdraw from the battlefield. Washington met Lee on the road near the courthouse in Monmouth, New Jersey, much to his surprise. What ensued was a bitter fury between Washington and Lee. Eventually, Washington decided to operate its troops as Lee reluctantly agreed to lead the vanguard. The Americans attacked the retreating British Army and the war left many people dead and injured. Americans emerged victorious from the war, and Washington was praised for its courage and bravery throughout the war.
2. Battle of King’s Mountain (October 1780)
The Battle of King’s Mountain in South Carolina pitted a Patriotic militia against the Loyalist Army in the War of Independence‘s Southern Campaign. The battle was an outright victory for the Patriot militia and one of the bloodiest battles of the war. Major Patrick Ferguson loyalists were unwilling to surrender after the attack on the Patriot militia led by Colonel William Campbell. As a result, the loyalist army considered a suicide charge down the mountain which failed as they were shot in a hail of bullets. The Loyalists suffered 157 killed, 163 wounded and 698 captured while the Patriots suffered only 28 killed and 60 wounded.
3. Battle of Fort Ticonderoga (May 1775)
Fort Ticonderoga was an important point of access to Canada and the Hudson River Valley during the early French and Indian Wars. The fort was located in Lake Champlain in northeast New York State. On May 10, 1775, Benedict Arnold, Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys of Vermont joined forces and launched a dawn attack on the fort. It came as a surprise to the sleeping Britons at the time. The Battle of Fort Ticonderoga was a small-scale conflict but one that was a first major victory for American forces in the revolution. The Continental Army also acquired much needed artillery for use in subsequent battles.
4. Battle of Cowpens (January 1781)
On January 17, 1781, in South Carolina, American troops caused heavy losses to the British in what was a major engagement in the Southern Campaign of the American Revolutionary War. The Americans were led by Brigadier General Daniel Morgan against the British forces led by Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton. General Morgan ordered the militia to leave the front line after firing two shots. This repositioning strategy proved to be successful when the British mistook it for a rout and encountered concentrated rifle fire followed by the return of the militia. As Tarleton escaped, American troops decimated the British forces and inflicted heavy losses on them, killing over 800, with the Americans suffering only a hundred.
5. Battle of Saratoga (October 1777)
The battles of Saratoga were fought eighteen days apart, on September 19 and October 7, 1777. It is considered the decisive battle of the American Revolution in favor of the Americans. The first Battle of Saratoga took place on September 19 and was a British victory over American forces. The victory was small but very costly for the British under General John Burgoyne. On October 7, the British attacked the Americans again at Bemis Heights but this time it was a defeat and they had to retreat. This American victory convinced the French government to join the war as an American ally by providing open military assistance.
6. Battle of Bunker Hill (June 1775)
On June 17, 1775, British troops defeated the Continental United States Army at the Battle of Bunker Hill in Massachusetts. This battle resulted in great losses for the inexperienced colonial army despite their victory which boosted their confidence. The battle was one of the bloodiest in the American Revolutionary War with about half of the 2,200 Redcoats who entered the battle killed or wounded. The Patriots suffered 400 casualties, which was significantly small compared to the British casualties. However, the battle didn’t actually take place on Bunker Hill, but a third of a mile south of Breed’s Hill.
7. Battle of Fort Washington (November 1776)
The Battle of Fort Washington was a battle in the American Revolutionary War that resulted in a British victory and the subsequent surrender of the Fort Washington garrison. The battle ended with one of the Patriots’ worst defeats. On November 16, 1776, in New York, British and German troops joined forces against the American Continental Army. The Continental Army led by General George Washington was defeated by General William Howe and the United States Army suffered a loss of guns, military supplies and up to 3,000 casualties. The Americans were forced to retreat to the Delaware River while the British captured Fort Washington.
8. Battles of Trenton and Princeton (winter 1776-1777)
General George Washington crossed the icy Delaware River on Christmas night and until the morning of December 26, 1776, leading his Continental Army against the British forces stationed at Trenton, with some 1,400 men with him. General Washington captured over 900 men and occupied Trenton four days later. On January 3, he led a daring nighttime match to capture Princeton after drawing British forces south. These two victories were decisive in boosting the morale of the American troops and reassuring their cause for independence.
9. Battle of Yorktown (October 1781)
The Battle of Yorktown took place from September 28 to October 19, 1781, fought between the Americans and their French allies against the British in Virginia. It was the last great battle of the American Revolutionary War. General George Washington was the commander of a force of 17,000 French and American troops against a contingent of 9,000 British soldiers under the command of General Lord Charles Cornwallis. The US military fought the British by blocking their escape by land while the French naval force prevented them from escaping by sea. After three weeks of bombardment, day and night, the British finally reached the field. in Yorktown, which ended the War of Independence. The official surrender ceremony took place on October 19, which included the handing over of the sword to the French and American commanders.
10. Battles of Lexington and Concord (April 1775)
The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first battles of the War of Independence and began on the night of April 19, 1775. Battles took place between British settlers and angry resident militias. The start of the war was accelerated by the rise in tensions between the British settlers and the inhabitants of the 13 American colonies. On the night of the First American Revolutionary War, 700 British soldiers marched from Boston to Concord to seize weapons. Paul Revere was in charge of alerting the American militia of the impending attack by the British. When the British realized their plan was discovered, they began a process of mobilization to fight the Redcoat Column and the Patriot movement. This confrontation with the city of Lexington started the Revolutionary War. Under intense fire and attack, the British eventually retreated to Boston.