How to prepare for WWIII and what to do in the event of a nuclear attack – The Irish Sun
As tensions between Russia and Ukraine escalate, raising fears of a conflict that could mimic World War III, some have begun to wonder what would happen in the event of a nuclear attack.
Britain has issued a final warning to personnel and their families in Ukraine, fearing Russia could invade any day now.
Russia has already massed around 100,000 troops near Ukraine amid reports that bombs and missiles were expected to rain down on cities – including the capital Kiev – minutes after Vladimir sent the order Putin.
On this occasion, the British Minister for the Armed Forces, James Heappey, warned that there would be no chance of an Afghan-style airlift for stranded civilians in the event of war.
And with the Eastern European nation facing the prospect of an imminent invasion, here’s what experts advise you to do if World War III breaks out.
What to do before a nuclear explosion?
If a nuclear explosion is on the cards, it could happen without extended warning.
Therefore, if you think an attack is likely, it’s best to be prepared.
Experts recommend that you follow the guidelines below to protect yourself, your family and your home – if you think an attack is imminent.
- Build an emergency supply kit, which includes items like non-perishable food, water, a battery-powered or wind-up radio, extra flashlights, and batteries. You may want to prepare a kit for your workplace and a portable kit to keep in your car in case you are told to evacuate.
- Develop a family emergency plan. Your family may not be together when disaster strikes, so it’s important to know how you will contact each other, how you will get back together, and what you will do in an emergency.
- Find out from the authorities if any public buildings in your community have been designated as fallout shelters. If none have been designated, make your own list of potential shelters. These places would include basements or the central windowless area of middle floors in high-rise buildings.
What should you have in your survival kit?
It is suggested that you go out and buy as many of these items as quickly as possible:
- Water filters
- Preserves (stews, fruits, tuna, meats, etc.)
- Ready-to-eat foods (granola, cheese, protein bars, etc.)
- Medical kits
- Peanut Butter
- Assorted drink mixes, if you have children with you
- Iodine solution, hydrogen peroxide, alcohol, painkillers
- Dried milk
- Largest bags of rice, beans, flour, oats, sugar and honey
- Gallons of cooking oil
- Assortment of baking powder & baking soda & spices
- A manual can opener
- Kitchen matches and disposable lighters
- Sanitary pads and diapers, if needed
- Flashlights (ideally LED) and portable radios, if you don’t already have them
- Many more stacks, at least three sets, for each of the above
- Bottled water (especially if household supplies are not yet secured)
- Baby wipes
- Fire extinguisher
- Paper or plastic plates/cups/utensils
- cheap plastic hooded rain ponchos
What to do during a nuclear explosion?
The following guidelines indicate what to do in the event of a nuclear explosion.
- Listen to official information via the Internet, radio or television and follow the instructions provided by emergency response personnel.
- If an attack warning is issued, take cover as quickly as possible, underground if possible, and stay there until instructed to do otherwise.
- Find the nearest building, preferably made of brick or concrete, and go inside to avoid any radioactive material outside.
- If better shelter, such as a multi-story building or basement, can be reached in minutes, go there immediately.
- Go as far underground or in the center of a large building as possible. The goal is to put as many walls and as many concrete, bricks and dirt between you and the radioactive material outside.
- Expect to stay indoors for at least 24 hours unless otherwise directed by authorities.
What to do if you are surprised outside during a nuclear explosion?
- Don’t stare at the flash or fireball – it can blind you.
- Take cover behind anything that might offer protection.
- Lie flat on the floor and cover your head. If the explosion is some distance away, it may take 30 seconds or more for the shock wave to occur.
- Take cover as soon as you can, even if you are several miles from ground zero where the attack occurred – radioactive fallout can be carried by winds for hundreds of miles.
- If you were outside during or after the explosion, clean yourself up as soon as possible to remove any radioactive material that may have settled on your body.
- Take off your clothes to prevent the spread of radioactive material. Removing the outer layer of clothing can remove up to 90% of radioactive material.
- If possible, place your contaminated clothing in a plastic bag and seal or tie the bag.
- When possible, shower with plenty of soap and water to help remove radioactive contamination. Do not rub or scratch the skin.
- Wash your hair with shampoo or soap and water. Do not use conditioner in your hair as it will bind the radioactive material to your hair, preventing it from rinsing out easily.
What to do after a nuclear explosion?
Although the Ukrainian protocol is unclear, it has previously been reported that the UK government is working on a new warning system to prepare Britons for the horror of nuclear war.
In the dark days of the Cold War, the British government developed a “four minute warning” system to alert the public that the country had been attacked.
The warning system, which was in place from 1953 to 1992, used air raid sirens, television bulletins and radio broadcasts to broadcast the terrifying news but, thankfully, it was never used.
In 2003, the National Attack Warning System (NAWS) was developed, allowing the government to warn the population by telephone, radio and television if ever we were attacked.
These days, nuclear bomb threat text messages and social media are the preferred method.
The decay rates of radioactive fallout are the same for any size nuclear device.
However, the amount of fallout will vary depending on the size of the device and its proximity to the ground. Therefore, it might be necessary for those in areas with the highest radiation levels to take shelter for up to a month.
The heaviest fallout would be limited to the area at or downwind of the explosion and 80% of the fallout would occur within the first 24 hours.
Residents of most areas that would be affected could be allowed out of their shelters within days and, if necessary, evacuate to unaffected areas.
Keep listening to the radio and television to know what to do, where to go and places to avoid.
Stay away from damaged areas. Stay away from areas marked “Radiation Hazard” or “HAZMAT”.
Remember that radiation cannot be seen, smelled or otherwise detected by the human senses.